Aesthetics and Aesthetics


When people see something beautiful they are involuntarily awed by it. In fact, the experience of beauty is a type of positive emotion that triggers an automatic response in the brain called the “reward center.” This area in the brain sends signals to the body that it is rewarding and causes feelings like happiness and pleasure.

A person’s perception of what is beautiful may vary according to his or her cultural and personal experiences. However, most of us are able to recognize the beauty in others and in other things that surround us. The beauty of a sunset, a flower, or even a friend’s smile can affect our mood. This is because humans are hardwired to be in awe of the beautiful things around them.

The word beautifull is a misspelling of the word beautiful, which means full of beauty. The word is also commonly used as a synonym for pretty, gorgeous, or stunning. This term is usually associated with people’s looks, but it can also be applied to places, events, or things that are considered visually appealing.

Aesthetics, the study of beauty and art, is an important part of human culture. Aesthetics has been a subject of interest for both philosophers and scientists, with some theories of beauty rooted in the natural world and others based on the social context in which people live and interact.

One major disagreement in the literature is over whether beauty is objective or subjective. Some philosophers, most notably Plato and Aristotle, have advocated the “classical conception” of beauty, which holds that a thing’s beauty is a result of its arrangement of integral parts into an integrated harmonious whole. This idea is embodied in classical and neo-classical architecture, sculpture, music, and literature.

More recently, a number of philosophers have proposed new accounts of beauty. These include some feminist-oriented reconstruals or reappropriations of the concept (see Brand 2000, Irigaray 1993), and some approaches that attempt to reconcile the classical and modern notions of beauty in a way that emphasizes harmony and symmetry.

Using a naturalistic approach to aesthetics, we investigated how people’s nature relatedness and their knowledge of art might influence their evaluations of the beauty in nature and in everyday city environments. In the experiment we found that NR, which is a measure of people’s appreciation (including aesthetic), awareness, and experiences with nature, was positively related to participants’ ratings of the beauty in the natural environment. This relationship was less clear for the urban environment, where we observed a negative effect of knowledge of art on beauty ratings.

We further examined the relationship between arousal and valence in the context of these two environments by measuring arousal and valence before and after participants received photos of natural or man-made beauty. As predicted, arousal was lower after viewing the pictures of natural beauty than after seeing the photos of man-made beauty, while valence was unaffected by the condition. These results indicate that the beauty of natural landscapes is generally arousing, while that of man-made cities is not.